A private security officer is a person who works to protect property and people. All security officers are required to go through basic training mandated by the Security Industry Authority in the United Kingdom so they can get a better understanding of the security and emergency needs. But in countries such as the United States, they will need also to carry on some extra training allowing them the carrying of weapons such as batons, firearms, and pepper spray (e.g. the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services in California has requirements that a license for each item listed must be carried while on duty. Some officers are required to complete police certification for special duties.

Security Guard Unable to Walk Patrol Seeks Accommodation

Patrolling is usually a large part of a security officer’s duties residential security services London. Often these patrols are logged by use of a guard tour patrol system, which require regular patrols. The most commonly used form used to be mechanical clock systems that required a key for manual punching of a number to a strip of paper inside with the time pre-printed on it.

In the UK, it requires a permit to work as a security guard. This license is called SIA Licence and may include a criminal background check and / or training needs. Most security guards are unarmed and have the same powers of arrest as a private citizen, “a private person” arrest or detention of citizens. “If weapons are carried, additional permits and training are usually required in US but is not easily allowed in countries such as UK, France and others.

Major economic justification for security guards is that insurance companies particularly fire insurance companies) offer substantial discounts to rate sites that have a presence in 24 hours. In fact, a security guard on site increases the likelihood that any fire will be reported to local fire before a total loss occurs.

Normally, armed security guards are used United States to protect sensitive sites such as banks and military installations, government, or other financial institutions, and nuclear power plants. Private armed security is much less common in Europe and other developed countries. In developing countries (with the permission of the host country armed security composed mostly of former soldiers is often used to protect corporate assets, especially in regions torn by war.


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